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    1. CDC報告顯示具有抗藥性的志賀菌病開始在美蔓延

      發布時間:

      2022-11-16

      作者:


        外媒報道,根據美國疾病控制中心(CDC)最新公布的報道顯示,一種被稱為志賀菌病的耐藥腸道病首次在美國境內開始傳播。據統計,在2014年5月到2015年2月期間,美國32個州和波多黎各總共有243人感染了該種疾病。為此,CDC建議各大醫療機構在治療志賀菌病的時候減少抗生素的使用量。CDC在報告中寫道:“如果各大醫療服務機構沒能成功地減少病例數量,那么我們將迎來一場大規模、曠日持久的疫情。”

        據悉,志賀菌病患者會出現頭痛、乏力、血痢、腹痛、發燒等癥狀。它通過食物、游泳池等娛樂場所的水傳播。雖然該種疾病可以在一周內得到治愈,但在患病過程中病人承受的疼痛卻非常得大。這也是CDC那么關注志賀菌病的原因,不過直到最近,他們才發現這種具有耐藥性的志賀菌病--這在美國非常罕見。報道稱,一些從外國旅游回來的美國人將該種病菌帶了回來。CDC指出,為了阻止不斷出現的腹瀉,一些旅行者選擇服用抗生素來應對這一情況,但這并不是最理想的治療方案。另外,大部分引發志賀菌病的病菌早就已經對美國境內采用的多種抗生素有了抗藥性。

        根據報告顯示,目前,馬塞諸塞州、加州、賓夕法尼亞州是該類型志賀菌病的高發區。其中一半的病患都曾到印度或多米尼加共和國旅行過。不過現在美國國內也開始出現了該種疾病。

        據統計,美國每年志賀菌病的感染數量大約有50萬,但大部分都不具備抗藥性。

       

      青島日水生物培養基 轉載,感謝qdrishui.cn


      A new report from the U.S. centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) shows that a resistant enteric disease called shigella is spreading in the United States for the first time. Between May 2014 and February 2015, a total of 243 people in 32 U.S. states and Puerto Rico were infected with the disease, according to statistics. To that end, the CDC recommends that major medical institutions reduce their use of antibiotics when treating shigella. "If major health care providers fail to reduce the number of cases successfully, we will have a large and protracted epidemic," the CDC said in its report.
       
      It is reported that shigella patients will appear headache, fatigue, dysentery, abdominal pain, fever and other symptoms. It is spread by water in recreational areas such as food and swimming pools. Although the disease can be cured within a week, the patient suffers a lot of pain during the course of the illness. That's why the C.D.C. is so concerned about shigella, but only recently have they discovered the resistant strain, which is rare in the United States. The report said some americans who had traveled abroad brought the disease back. The C.D.C. says some travelers are opting for antibiotics to combat the recurring diarrhea, but that's not the ideal treatment. In addition, most of the bacteria that cause shigella have long been resistant to a variety of antibiotics used in the United States.
       
      Currently, Massachusetts, California and Pennsylvania have high rates of shigella, according to the report. Half had traveled to India or the Dominican republic. But now the disease is beginning to appear in the United States.
       
      According to statistics, the annual number of shigella infections in the United States is about 500,000, but most of them are not resistant to drug resistance.
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